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Papaver somniferum L.

Family - Papaveraceae

Common Name - Opium Poppy

 

 

Not Native 

Poisonous 

 

 

 

 

Unscented Leaves 

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Description of Genus

Annual, biennial and perennial herbs. The leaves vary in shape from deeply toothed to fully divided. They may be roughly hairy or hairless. The flowers are large and showy, often red or orange. The fruit is a capsule, which releases its seeds through pores.

Habitats
Cultivated land
Wasteland
Leaves of Papaver somniferum
© Quentin GroomWhole plant of Papaver somniferum
© Quentin Groom
Life History
Annual
UK distribution

Found in England, Scotland, Wales and Ireland. (See Map)

Flowering Time

In flower during July and August.

Fruit

The fruit is a capsule.

Flower

The flower is actinomorphic

It may be one of the following colours.

  • lilac
  • pink
  • purple
  • red
  • white
Names in other languages and countries

Germany
Schlafmohn
Spain
Adormidera
Sweden
opievallmo
vallmofrö
Dutch
slaapbol
Finland
oopiumiunikko
Poland
Mak lekarski