The Flora of North-east England

Literature on the Flora of the North-east England

Pilularia globulifera

Paper Floras of North-east England

Swan, G. A., (1993). Flora of Northumberland. The Natural History Society of Northumbria, Newcastle-upon-Tyne.

Graham, G. G., (1988). The Flora and Vegetation of County Durham, Newcastle-upon-Tyne. Durham County Conservation Trust.

Other useful books and articles

Baker, J.G. & Tate, G.R. (1868) A new flora of Northumberland and Durham, with sketches of its climate and physical geography. Trans. Nat. Hist. Soc. Northumb., 2, 1-316.

Clapham, A.R., Tutin, T.G. & Warburg, E.F. (1952). Flora of the British Isles. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge.

Hubbard, C.E. (1954). Grasses. Penguin Books, Harmondsworth. 2nd ed. (1968); 3rd ed. (revised by Hubbard, J.C.E.) (1984).

Johnston, G. (1853) The Botany of the Eastern Borders, John van Voorst, London.

F. Rose & C. O'Reilly (2006). The Wild Flower Key. Frederick Warne, London.

Stace, C. (1991). New Flora of the British Isles. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge. 2nd ed. (1997).

Winch, N.J. (1831) Flora of Northumberland and Durham. T. & J. Hodgson. Newcastle.

Download Winch's Flora here

Part 1.Vascular Plants (5 MB)

Part 2.Characeae, Ferns, Bryophtes, Lichens (6 MB)

Useful Websites

The Botanical Society of the Britain and Ireland - Founded in 1836 as the Botanical Society of London and welcoming both professional and amateur botanists. The society focuses on the study of botany in the British Isles.

The British Bryological Society - For the study and conservation of mosses and liverworts worldwide.

The British Lichen Society - The first society in the world entirely devoted to the study of lichens.

British Nature - A site dedicated to the wildlife of Britain. It contains many pictures and descriptions of plants, animals and fungi.

The Ecological Database of the British Isles - This site is what its name suggests. It is designed with the professional or knowledgeable amateur in mind and is a gold mine of information.

The English Hedgerow Trust - The English Hedgerow Trust is a charity dedicated to the conservation of hedgerows.

Flora for Fauna - The home of the postcode plant database. Information on native plants and a database that will make a checklist of your local flora and fauna.

IPNI - The International Plant Names Index (IPNI) is a database of the names and associated basic bibliographical details of all seed plants.

The Natural History Society of Northumbria - Everything you might want to know about this society, including details of their field meetings, lectures and nature reserve.

Plantlife - Plantlife is a charity dedicated to conserving plant life in its natural habitat.

Plant name database - A guide to the common names of plants in several european languages by Henriette Kress.

The Wild Flower Society - A society for amateur botanists and wild flower lovers in the UK. They organise frequent field meeting across the county to obsurve and photograph plants in their natural habitats.

Natural England - Natural England works for people, places and nature to conserve and enhance biodiversity, landscapes and wildlife in rural, urban, coastal and marine areas.

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